用好“三分法”让静物照脱颖而出

用好“三分法”让静物照脱颖而出

静物摄影看起来很简单,但是就是因为太简单了,所以难免会落入平庸,怎么拍都觉得不对味儿,怎么拍都觉得感觉。。。没什么感觉。对于静物摄影来说,关键点就不能在于抓住瞬间了,而应该考虑我们画面中的每个元素之间的关系,然后编排它们的位置,利用基本的构图法则,给观看者以感官上的刺激,从而让观看者对你拍摄的作品在第一眼就有了好感。

用好“三分法”让静物照脱颖而出

说到构图法则,最基础的莫过于三分法了,只要是说到构图就不能不提三分法,因为三分法的基础是黄金分割,三分点接近图像中的黄金分割位置,因此能够给予观看者最基础的美学感受。

用好“三分法”让静物照脱颖而出

想要拍好三分构图很简单,很多相机中都可以添加辅助线,将图像分割成为等分的九宫格,然后将你所想要拍摄的主体放置在图像中的三分线位置上,四条三分线以及四个交叉点都是可以放置主体的好位置,我们可以根据主体的具体性质来摆放。三分线除了可以辅助摆放主体的位置以外,还可以作为画面中空间的分割,比方说墙面和桌面的分割线可以落在三分线之上。

用好“三分法”让静物照脱颖而出

除了使用摆放位置上单一的三分原则,我们还可以增加另外一个维度,姑且可以将之称为 L 型结构,将主体坐落于三分线之外,从垂直角度再构建一个维度,增加支撑点,同时也将画面重心平行过度,偏移到画面的另一边,从而让整体的画面平衡。

用好“三分法”让静物照脱颖而出

对于主体内容的选择,还有一个重要的原则就是奇数原则。说起来很简单,当我们选择主体数量的时候,最好选择奇数数量的主体。

由于对称性的关系,当主体数量为偶数的时候,我们的大脑会不自觉的将主体等分,很难形成一个明确的焦点,让观看者在相等视觉重量之下迷失而不知道应该将视线集中在哪一个主体身上。但是当主体数量为奇数的时候,观看者往往会主动将多个主体视为一个整体,然后在其中沿着拍摄者所设置的引导规则寻找重心元素,让其他元素成为整个画面中的辅助元素。

用好“三分法”让静物照脱颖而出

用好“三分法”让静物照脱颖而出

用好“三分法”让静物照脱颖而出

但是即使是选择奇数个主体,也要遵循优势原则,最常见的是使用三个或五个主体,当使用超过七个以上的主体的时候会让画面看起来相当拥挤,这样同样不利于突出主体。如果你的作品中含有多个主体,而又想要表现主体的话,最好的方法就是让某个主体孤立开来而不是将其平均摆放。

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